Japanese proficiency test is a standard for assessing your Japanese ability and proficiency. If you want to work in Japanese companies or do Japanese-related jobs, it is indispensable to practice Japanese language proficiency and to have a Japanese certificate.
1. What is the JLPT Japanese Competency Contest?
Japanese Language Proficiency Test (JLPT) is a test and assessment contest of Japanese proficiency and competency organized by Japan and Japan International Support Association.
JLPT is held annually in 65 countries and territories around the world. This is the most popular and prestigious Japanese language competency today.
The JLPT Japanese Competency Contest is not limited to participants. Whoever you are, where you come from, which language you use, if you are passionate about conquering Japanese, you can register as a challenge and test your Japanese level.
Currently there are 2 JLPT exams in one year, on the first Sunday of July, and the first Sunday in December. Vietnam is one of the countries that organizes both exams (many only host 1 in 2). Vietnam is also one of the countries with the largest number of JLPT contestants today, only after China, South Korea and Taiwan.
Currently JLPT consists of 5 different levels, namely N1, N2, N3, N4, and N5. (The N here is said to represent Nihongo and New), in which the N3 exam is newly added, the level is between 2Kyuu and 3Kyuu old.
Prior to 2010, the JLPT consisted of 4 levels, namely 1kyuu (一級) 2kyuu (二級) 3kyuu (三級) and 4kyuu (四級), equivalent to the Advanced, Upper Intermediate, Intermediate and Primary (???).
In Hanoi, exams are held at Hanoi University and University of Foreign Languages - Hanoi National University (depending on the exam and the level of the different places). Registration usually starts before about 3 months, the result is after the exam ends about 2 months.
To be able to practice the Japanese language proficiency effectively, you can join Akira’s JLPT exam preparation class, helping you achieve quick results in just 3 months of study. With effective learning method, standard curriculum and close to exam content, students in Akira class quickly achieve the set objectives.
4. Exam content
The contents of LPT Japanese Language Proficiency Test include:
Letters (kanji, Hiragana, Katakana) (文字 (も じ):
Vocabulary (語彙 (ご い):
Grammar (文法 (ぶ ん ぽ う)
Reading comprehension (読 解 (ど っ か い)
Listening to understand (聴 解 (ち ょ う か い)
All are tested in the form of multiple choice test among 1 of 4 answers.
In it, the letters, vocabulary and grammar are collectively referred to as Language Knowledge (言語 知識 げ ん ご ち し き).
A special feature of the JLPT Japanese Competency Contest is that the competition has no part of oral and written exams. This is also a good thing for us because most of us can master Japanese vocabulary and grammar but not very good at pronunciation and speaking Japanese.
Subject structure according to each exam level:
With N3 – N5, JLPT consists of 3 tests:
Letters and Vocabulary Test (言語 知識 (文字 ・ 語彙)
Grammar + Reading test (言語 知識 (文法) 読 解)
Instant Listening test (聴 解)
The timing of each section for each level is different.
– N5, the examination time for Letters + Vocabulary is 25 minutes, Grammar + Reading is 50 minutes and the listening exam is 30 minutes.
– N4 respectively 30 minutes, 60 minutes and 35 minutes.
– N3 respectively 30 minutes, 70 minutes, 40 minutes
In the above sections, it is probably the hardest part because it requires quite a lot of vocabulary, continuous training skills when the time to do lesson is very little.
With N1 – N2, the JLPT consists of 2 tests:
Letters, vocabulary, grammar, reading can be combined into 1 lesson (字 知識 (文字 ・ 語彙 ・ 文法) 読 解
Listening Test (聴 解)
Exam times in turn with N2 and N1 are 105 + 50 minutes and 110 + 60 minutes.
Because the amount of knowledge used to take the Japanese language proficiency test from N3-N5 is much less than that of N1-N5, the exam must separate the part of the vocabulary and letters test so that the knowledge in the vocabulary can still be appears in the reading section. In the N1-N2 level, these two parts are included in the knowledge and reading component.
How to calculate points
The absolute score in the Japanese language proficiency test from N1 – N5 is the same as 180. Evenly divided into language knowledge sections, reading and listening each section is 60 points.
The passing score for each level is different: N5 is 80, N4 and N2 are 90, N3 is 95 and N1 is 100,
Note that there are still paralysis points (if somewhat below the paralysis point, even if the total score is enough, the competitor will still fail). Paralysis will usually be 19.
5. Time needed to study and pass.
Until before 2010, according to the Japan Fodation statistics with the old exam, the average learning time must be equivalent to the amount of knowledge required to test Japanese language proficiency to be able to pass the exam will be:
– 4Kyuu: 150h (about 100 Kanji, 800 words)
– 3Kyuu: 300h (300 Kanji, 1500 words)
– 2Kyuu: 600h (1000 Kanji, 6000 words)
– 1Kyuu: 900h (2000 Kanji and 10000 words)
However, another statistic of the Japanese Education Center (日本語 教育 セ ン タ ー)